Best Programming Languages to Learn

When you're choosing which computer language to start learning, think about what you want to do with it. There are different types of languages—some are a bit harder but let you control more, while others are easier to learn but might limit your control over what you make.

Picking a language depends on what you want to achieve. If you want to create websites, you might begin with languages like JavaScript. If you're interested in hardware or graphics, more complex languages like C could be better. For computer science, it's good to know a few different languages.


Guido van Rossum created Python in 1991, but its ascension gained momentum recently, becoming the fastest-growing language, as per Stack Overflow data. Renowned for accessibility and adaptability, Python finds utility in data science, aiding data analysts in managing and processing substantial datasets. It also serves as a cornerstone for web development, software engineering, algorithmic learning, robotics, and financial computations. Notably, Python holds prominence in the financial technology (fintech) sector, outweighing Java in demand, according to HackerRank.

YouTube | Python for Beginners (Free Course)


Hatched at Google in 2009, Go is revered for efficiency akin to C and C++, yet it simplifies intricate syntax concerns. Ideal for systems programming, it finds applications in crafting servers, data pipelines, and machine learning packages.

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Java, celebrated for its compatibility and versatility, stands tall as a high-level language catering to app and software development. Notably, it serves as the default language for Android app development, boasting inherent security features. Its origins trace back to cell phone development, embracing cross-network data exchange. Java's static typing distinguishes it from dynamically typed languages like Ruby, Python, and JavaScript. Its robustness favors large-scale enterprise applications, finding favor in expansive corporate environments. However, its steep learning curve often necessitates professional guidance or formal education.

YouTube | Java Programming for Beginners | Free


Toppling the charts as the most prevalent language, JavaScript shares mere nomenclature with Java, sans any technical relationship. Functioning in tandem with CSS and HTML, it imparts interactivity to webpages and applications. Its prowess extends to crafting mobile and web apps, fabricating web servers, server applications, and even game development.

YouTube | Learn Javascript for Beginners | Free


Crafted exclusively for Apple and Linux ecosystems, Swift—birthed in 2014—holds sway in app development, specifically tailored for iOS and macOS platforms. Valuing safety and expressive syntax, Swift stands as a swift and secure alternative programming language choice.

YouTube | Learn Swift for Beginners | Free

C and C++:

C, a programming veteran since 1972, forms the cornerstone for many successor languages, including Java, JavaScript, and C++. Akin to C with additional features, C++ serves as an extension. Favored in computer science and performance-centric arenas like gaming, their understanding necessitates comprehension of computer memory mechanisms. While C forms a bedrock for several programming languages, some opt for modern alternatives, deeming it archaic. Comparatively, C++ garners recognition for being more beginner-friendly.

YouTube | C++ Tutorial for Beginners | Free


Functioning as a statistical modeling tool, R creates an environment conducive to applying statistical techniques. Boasting prowess in statistical computing, modeling, and graphical representation of data findings, R finds favor in data science, machine learning, and statistical computations, paralleling Python as a foundational data science skill.

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Renowned as a scripting language, Ruby—through its framework Ruby on Rails—forges pathways in website design. Notably, platforms like Airbnb deploy Ruby on Rails in specific iterations. Renowned for simplicity, Ruby finds support within a vast learning community and transcends website development to encompass prototyping and data analysis.

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Structured Query Language (SQL), conceived in 1979 by IBM, stands as a specialized language catering to data management within databases. Its forte lies in structuring data across varying datasets, facilitating swift data insertion, modification, updating, deletion, and efficient querying—an invaluable asset for data scientists.

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As a general-purpose scripting language, PHP predominantly thrives in web development, synergizing effectively with HTML. Easing HTML inputs, PHP—a recursive acronym for PHP: Hypertext Preprocessor—exhibits simplicity for novices while harboring complex features for seasoned programmers. Emulating syntax from C, Java, and Perl, PHP executes code on servers, generating HTML, diverging from JavaScript, which executes in browsers through direct HTML embedding.

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